Children are individuals. Each one brings to the issue of sleep his ñ needs, personality, and physical functioning. This does not mean that you need to accept your child’s sleep patterns as “the way it is.” Your goal as pare is to help your child fit smoothly into your family—and into his world. You can recognize his uniqueness, while teaching him skills to make his life easier.
Commonly, after the sleep issue is resolved, parents notice real difference. The child is more easy-going, less frustrated, happier, and more predictable Parents wonder why they didn’t do something sooner. Parents, too, feel m content and self-confident.
In the long-run, the child’s sense of independence and self-esteem enhanced. When he masters sleep problems, he has mastered an important p of life. (He knows it is important by the significance you—and the rest of world—have placed on it.) Sleep and nighttime can be frightening; child need to know that Mom and Dad are in charge.
A child who continually disrupts his parents’ sleep forms an unhealthy vi of life. He learns that his needs are the only important ones. This is a far from what parents intend.
Perhaps this is the message you would like to send: / love you and I want you to grow up to be a happy person. Sleeping is part life. The way you are sleeping now doesn’t fit with the rest of our family. It becoming a problem for us all. Let’s work on it together.
Very little attention in the medical literature is paid to the functioning of a perfectly healthy mind in a perfectly healthy body. I highlighted the mind here with a reason. To be exact, conventional medicine largely ignores the mind as the ultimate manager of all functions of the body, and therefore ignores the role of the patient’s ultimate command over his own body.
The current scientific model of the human body is electrochemical (biochemical). The body is divided into many different organs, each producing and/or accepting various biochemical compounds. The nervous system somehow (?) produces electrical impulses controlling the lot. These electrical impulses cause various organs to produce complex chemical reactions. Going deeper into details, DNA, the chemical messenger theory etc. the picture becomes complex beyond comprehension, and still does not explain the wonderful functioning of our body. Medicine accepts, that the “program” controlling all vital functions of the body is embedded in our “subconscious mind” (the “sub” probably meaning that this part is considered lower or less important).
The orthodox sciences treat our conscious thinking mind as the highest possible, and yet they all admit that using it, they cannot comprehend and explain how their own bodies function in detail and why.
In contrast, yogis for thousands of years demonstrate that it is possible to control every function of their body (including the stopping of the heart for a couple of days) by learning to attain higher states of consciousness.
3. The Nose-Diaphragm line takes its course through the middle of the upper medial quadrant and the lower lateral quadrant, from the root of the nose to the spleen area in the left iris, or to the liver area in the right iris. In the lateral segment it represents the boundary line between chest and abdomen, which in the body is represented by the diaphragm. Hence, it is named the
Nose-Diaphragm line. White lines traversing the right iris in this area suggest conditions terminating in violent pains. It is therefore also termed: Pain-line. Similar signs in the corresponding area of the left iris suggest terminal pains arising from febrile conditions. (Splenic enlargement = inner fever.)
4. The Ear-Bladder line, which is drawn through the middle of the upper lateral quadrant and the lower medial quadrant is interpreted as Infection-line. It commences above in the ear area, and traverses the bladder area below. If this line has a dark registration in the right iris, it suggests the existence in the antecedents of severe chronic bladder disease. As practitioners, we must ascertain in diseases of the ears in children, whether the ancestors had disease of the bladder. On this basis arises the right Ear-Bladder line, also called Hereditary-transmission line, because it reveals the connection with hereditary encumbrance. In the right iris the bladder sign appears when catarrh of the bladder follows chill. If signs are seen in the bladder area of the left iris, then we should mainly think of venereal disease.
To avoid a big chase, we just lie down with him until he falls asleep.
There are degrees of parental involvement in the bedtime process, becomes a problem when it takes too much time or the parent begins to f© burdened or manipulated. It also becomes a problem when a parent involvement, or lack of involvement (for whatever reason), keeps the child from getting to, or back to, sleep. This can be an unexpected culprit in frequent waking—when he needs something from his parent in order to go back to sleep?
Unusual Sleep Cycles
She is just not ready to go to sleep—but we are!
Sleep patterns follow an internal set of rhythms. When they are skewed early, or late, or are extremely irregular, it becomes a problem because the child does not mesh with the family routine. Very often a problem at one end of the day begins to affect the other end or the remainder of the day. When a child apparent sleep needs (much more, or much less) are different from her parents it can also cause a problem.
Nightmares and Sleep Terrors
He wakes up screaming and really seems terrified.
Nightmares and sleep terrors are often confused because the incidents ca look so similar. The child “wakes” with confusion and fear once or several times a night. However, there are definite differences between a nightmare and a sleep terror. Recognizing them is crucial because the best response is very different for each.
It is important to remember that there have been no head-to-head trials comparing St John’s Wort with the SSRIs in the treatment of depression. All reports of comparisons between the herbal and synthetic anti-depressants are therefore anecdotal. Nevertheless, there are lessons to be learned from anecdotes and one conclusion I have reached, based on many stories that there are certain people who do better on St John’s Wort than on the SSRIs. When both types of antidepressants are used in their conventional dosages, St John’s Wort appears to be superior to the SSRIs with respect to side-effects. Particularly, it appears to cause fewer sexual side-effects, less weight gain and fewer feelings of dullness in thinking or feeling. When used in their conventional dosages it is possible that the SSRIs may be more potent and I have encountered cases where they have reversed depressive symptoms that did not respond to St John’s Wort alone. In the currently planned multi-centre research study sponsored by the US National Institute of Mental Health, St John’s Wort and the SSRI Lustral are to be compared for the first time; It will be fascinating to see how they stack up against each other. In the meanwhile each depressed person will have to choose the type of anti-depressant – herbal or synthetic -best suited to his or her needs based on the information available and his or her own personal preferences.
Unfortunately, many of the above facilities are not yet available due to lack of funding, the relative lack of which also affects opportunities for research, and for attracting young researchers into the field. Epilepsy is, unfortunately, not regarded as important as many other clinical disorders when it comes to allocating funds for research. With the recent development of new anti-epileptic drugs, the pharmaceutical industry has provided generous support and sponsorship, particularly in areas of patient and professional education. Government and university departments and large charitable organizations are other important sources of funding for research and development.
Progress is likely to occur by the gradual accretion of new knowledge. There are journals, such as Epilepsia, Epilepsy Research, and Seizure devoted to publication of the results of the best research in epilepsy. There are also regular international meetings of those interested in epilepsy, so any real advance will be rapidly disseminated throughout the world.
The lot of those with epilepsy would be greatly improved, even if their seizures continued, if others—especially those involved with education and employers—showed greater understanding of their intermittent disability. The most probable benefit for the present generation of those with epilepsy is likely to result from such increased tolerance, rather than from any dramatic advances in treatment. Tolerance depends upon understanding the facts about epilepsy.
A cognitive behavioural therapist will normally work with various types of exposure methods pertaining to our particular anxiety disorder. When wc begin to work with our avoidance behaviour we will probably feel anxious and the ‘what ifs’ may return. In only a few seconds the ‘what ifs’ can create a mountain of fear and anxiety which seems insurmountable. We may forget any management strategies we have learnt, and become caught up in the automatic cycle of thinking.
It is most important to realise that we will feel anxious and frightened when working with a CBT program. By accepting this we can work with it, not against it.
As an example, part of our CBT program may include doing the shopping alone. This can be broken down into easy steps. To begin with, we can go to the shop early in the morning. We will feel more comfortable in letting the anxiety and attack happen if the shop is not too crowded. As we become more confident in letting it happen, we can begin to shop at different times of the day.
If part of our program means going to dinner or the theatre, we can ask to be seated by an aisle or an exit, or both-not so much for a quick getaway, but to help break down the feeling of being trapped. The aisle or exit is there if we do need to leave quickly. If we work with our thinking and let the anxiety and attack happen, we will find we won’t have to leave.
The understanding and treatment of epilepsy has improved considerably over the past fifty years. Most of this improvement has resulted from basic scientific research into how and why epileptic seizures start, and from the development of safer and more effective anti-epileptic drugs by the pharmaceutical industry. However, there is still much work which needs to be carried out, not just to improve our understanding and knowledge, but to improve the quality of life of a child or man or woman with epilepsy.
It is unlikely that a single ‘cure’ for all epileptic seizures and epilepsies will be found, due to the fact that there are so many different causes and types of epilepsy. It is also very unlikely that epilepsies will ever be completely prevented from occurring in the first place. A proportion of the epilepsies are inherited. It is improbable that much can be done to prevent these epilepsies, and it may not be possible (or appropriate) to remove these abnormal genes by ‘genetic engineering’ techniques. However, improved medical care should reduce the numbers of patients who develop epilepsy after meningitis or encephalitis. Improved safety measures on the roads, in cars, and the wider use of cycle helmets and protective head gear on industrial sites should reduce the incidence of posttraumatic epilepsy. In developing countries, better obstetric care and public health measures to eradicate parasitic diseases, (particularly cysticercosis) and bacterial diseases (particularly tuberculosis and other causes of meningitis) will play a part.
There are two drugs that doctors at St Thomas’ Hospital are using to cut back the amount of prolactin their patients produce during the last half of the month. One is Vitamin B6, or pyridoxine, which they estimate helps nearly sixty per cent of patients whose symptoms are depression, headaches or breast swelling (at the time of going to press the results of a properly controlled trial of pyridoxine has not yet been published). This vitamin had already been used successfully to treat some women on the Pill who developed depression and headaches. Taking the Pill can sometimes cause a shortage of Vitamin B6 and when this happens, your brain can’t make enough of a substance called 5-hydroxy-tryptamine, and when that happens you get depressed. Some doctors treat the depression by giving their patients more Vitamin B6. Others, who seem to me to have rather more sense, advise their patients that the Pill doesn’t suit them and persuade them to try some other form of contraception that doesn’t have side-effects. A leaflet on Vitamin B6 treatment can be obtained by sending a stamped, addressed envelope to PMT Clinic, Gynaecology Department, St Thomas’ Hospital, Lambeth Palace Road, London SE1. Pyridoxine is obtainable off prescription (as ‘Comploment’, which contains 100 mg of pyridoxine) but as the daily starting dose used at St Thomas’ is considerably lower it is obviously sensible to follow the recommendations given in this leaflet, if you decide to try it for yourself.
Originating in ancient India, yoga involves spiritual, mental and physical discipline for the unification of the mind and body. Its physical aspect, a series of postures or asanas, is now widely practised around the world and is popular as a means of managing stress, building strength and maintaining physical flexibility.
Many people with medical conditions such as heart disorders, or diseases of the respiratory system like asthma and bronchitis, will benefit from regular yoga practice as will those with muscular or nervous disorders. Some postures are designed to tone and stimulate internal body organs and glands. There is no high impact aspect to yoga nor any sense of extreme aerobic exertion. Rather, strength is built through muscle control, balance and body awareness. Breathing is very important as the embodiment of the life force or prana. Like T’ai-chi, many of the postures are derived from the movements of animals and birds.
Yoga requires little equipment although a lot of people like to work on a rubber mat. Belts and frames are sometimes employed to maintain postures without straining the body. Your clothing need only be loose and comfortable. As with most physical and mental disciplines, it is recommended that you seek ongoing instruction from a qualified teacher. Select a school with an emphasis on the aspect of yoga which most interests you. Hatha yoga concentrates on physical discipline while Raja yoga places more emphasis on controlling the mind. Bakti is the devotional aspect of yoga.